What are Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) in USA (2023)

Health centers are an important part of ensuring that citizens of a community have access to quality health care. They provide basic medical services such as vaccinations, preventive care, screening for diseases and ailments, and education about health topics. Health centers usually collaborate with local hospitals, dentists, and other providers to provide comprehensive care.  Additionally, they often have social workers on staff who can provide resources for psychological and emotional problems. In some cases, health centers will partner with public health departments to provide even more specialized services such as needle exchanges or home visits by nurses. Finally, they may also offer additional community-oriented activities such as free exercise classes or nutrition workshops.  Information about FQHC (federally qualified health centers) has been shared here. FQHC (federally qualified health centers) is a type of health care center that provides a wide range of services to people who do not have the ability to pay, because of their geographic location or social status, caste, religion, etc.

What are Federally Qualified Health Centers?

Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) are non-profit, community-based service providers that provide comprehensive primary health care services to economically and medically underserved populations. FQHCs (federally qualified health centers) are funded through a variety of federal grant and reimbursement programs, including the Medicare and Medicaid programs, as well as grants from other private foundations or philanthropic organizations.

FQHCs (federally qualified health centers) strive to provide comprehensive health care services in an environment that is patient friendly and respectful of cultural diversity. Services provided by FQHCs include preventive medicine, routine physical exams, chronic disease management, dental services, mental health care, substance abuse counseling, reproductive health services, and women’s health care. In addition, many FQHCs also provide social and educational services such as nutrition education and job training. As such, FQHCs represent an important component of the nation’s overall healthcare delivery system by addressing both physical health issues as well as social needs.

FQHCs operate under a consumer board of directors governance structure and are overseen by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), which is part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The original FQHCs (federally qualified health centers) were originally intended to provide comprehensive health services to the medically underserved to reduce patient loads on hospital emergency rooms.

What does FQHC stand for in Medical Terms?

In medical terms, FQHC stands for Federally Qualified Health Center. It receives federal funding and is a non-profit health center or clinic that serves medically underserved areas and populations.

Federally funded health centers provide primary care services regardless of your ability to pay. The services are provided on a sliding scale fee based on your ability to pay.

What are CHC (Community health centers) in healthcare?

Community Health Centers provide integrated health care services to all members of the community regardless of their ability to pay. Community Health Centers (CHCs) are the cornerstone of the health care system, providing essential health services to the most vulnerable populations of our society.CHCs are a wholly non-profit organization, and exist in federally recognized areas where residents face barriers to obtaining health care. Community Health Centers also actively reinvest in the development of the communities in which they operate.

 They continue to offer a variety of specialized health and social services, such as medical and dental clinics, mental health programming, access to allied health professionals, home care, public health initiatives, and programs designed to meet the needs of vulnerable populations. Other assistance and services rendered.They also serve as resource hubs for individuals seeking meaningful connections within their local area, with a focus on inclusion for those who experience barriers to accessing care.

Community health centers provide comprehensive, high quality and cost-effective care and are at the forefront of effective treatment and management of chronic diseases such as diabetes, depression and hypertension. CHCs are medical homes for approximately 150,000 patients that provide a range of health services. These include primary medical care, behavioral/mental health care, dental services, diagnostic services, access to prescription drugs, case management, language assistance, etc.

To become a federally qualified health center (FQHC), an established organization must meet several criteria and is required to complete an application process.

  • First, the organization must qualify as a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt nonprofit or government entity that operates at least one satellite outpatient practice site and that serves medically underserved areas. Providing primary care services in
  • The organization must have bylaws and accounting and financial policies that are consistent with the FQHC requirements set forth by the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
  • Other necessary steps include obtaining an approved Certificate of Need from HHS, engaging in an organized health team approach to patient care, recruiting qualified providers, and participating in performance improvement activities.

Once all criteria are met, organizations can then submit the required application materials to their respective state primary care office which is responsible for approving federal funding for selected applicants.

What is the difference between a CHC and FQHC?

Community Healthcare Centers (CHCs) or FQHCs (federally qualified health centers) both aim to provide health services to areas that need better health care. These areas mostly include rural areas of America because of the population living here. There are no good healthcare options available. The differences between CHC and FQHC are mentioned below-

CHC (Community Health Centre )

A Community Health Center (CHC) provides a range of primary health care services to individuals and their families in an underserved area. They serve as patient-centered medical homes for members of their communities and provide comprehensive, quality health care regardless of insurance or financial status. CHCs are funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), but typically receive additional funding from state and local organizations and private foundations.

CHCs qualify as a federally qualified health center in the US because they receive government funding to facilitate programs offered to patients in underserved areas, including 340b drug pricing rebates and children’s health care. Free vaccines are also included. Other benefits for CHCs include recruitment assistance for primary care physicians with the National Health Service Corps, and the ability to receive grant money.

FQHC (Federally Qualified Health Centers)

Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) are a special type of CHC that meets rigorous HHS quality standards and receives enhanced federal funding, allowing them to offer a more comprehensive set of clinical services, including preventive care, oral health, mental health, behavioral health, integrated physical and behavioral services, pharmacy services, laboratory Diagnostics and even some specialty services. FQHCs also provide educational resources on chronic disease management to help patients manage their conditions effectively.

All FQHCs (Federally Qualified Health Centers) provide primary care services to patients regardless of their ability to pay. The mission of FQHCs is to provide affordable, quality care that is accessible to people who have little or no insurance.

What is the largest FQHC in the US?

The largest FQHC (federally qualified health centers) in the US by visitors is Borrego Community Health Foundation, as it serves the most visitors (137,924,6472). Santa Clara County stands at number two with 96,654,5103 visitors followed by Golden Valley Health Center at number three with 77,685,942.

Borrego Community Health Foundation

 Borrego Health Specialty Care Center was established in 2013, under the direction of Dr. Clayton Barbour. The purpose of its establishment was to provide excellence in healthcare to Hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS patients.

In 2015, the clinic expanded its services to cater to the health of transgenders. In 2017, Borrego Health SpecialtyCare Center opened Stonewall Medical Center in Cathedral City, with the aim of providing the same excellence in services to an ever-growing patient population. Clinics continue to acquire providers today and continue to grow specialty staff and services. Engaged. As such, Borrego Health Specialty Clinic has quickly become a regional leader in providing care for the transgender community and also for general patients seeking comprehensive, quality treatment.

How many FQHCs are there in the US?

There are currently 1,403 official FQHC (federally qualified health centers) locations in the United States, but look-alikes of FQHCs and their service sites bring the number closer to 17,900.

The number of federally qualified health centers in the US is believed to be 1,403. and FQHC (Federally Qualified Health Center Look-Alikes) is 126. Federally Qualified Health Center Service Sites ranks first with the highest number of health centers at 15838. The number of Federally Qualified Health Center Look-Alike Service Sites is 523, totaling 17890.

What are the types of FQHC ?

There are 4 types of FQHC (federally qualified health centers) which is as follows-

1.FQHC (federally qualified health centers)

An FQHC is an administrative guardian that receives a Section 330 grant from the government. After receiving the grant, they receive the FQHC designation. This organization provides affordable health services to people who do not have access to them.

2.Federally Qualified Health Center Look-Alike 

Federally Qualified Health Center FACIL (FQHC FACIL) are health care organizations that provide medical assistance to underserved patient populations in their community. The FQHC lookalike must meet the requirements set forth by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid services and play a key role in providing primary care, dental services and mental health services to individuals.

3. (FQHC)Federally Qualified Health Center service sites

Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) service sites provide comprehensive, high-quality primary health services to people who live in underserved areas. These sites accept Medicare and Medicaid as well as most private insurance policies and offer a sliding fee scale for those without coverage.Services provided include preventive care, chronic disease management, clinical trials, mental health/substance use disorder services, and dental care.

4.A federally qualified health center (FQHC) look-alike service site

 A federally qualified health center (FQHC) look-alike service site is a deliverable health center that provides comprehensive primary and preventive health care services, designed to complement the services provided by an FQHC. FQHC facilitators are required to work a minimum of 16 continuous hours per day, 5 days per week, as well as onsite staff, along with certain board requirements to ensure patient-centered care.


FQHC (Federally Qualified Health Centers) provide health services to people without worrying about payment. These services include medical, dental, behavioral health, and long-term care management services. In the US, FQHCs provide health care to millions of people, they receive funding from the government. Community health centers also work like this but there is a difference between them. But both get funding from the government under section 330.

FQHC (Federally Qualified Health Centers) provides services to people who do not have access to health services. However, it welcomes everyone. Through today’s post, we have come to know what FQHC is. And FQHCs What rules have to be followed. Apart from this, we have come to know what is the difference between FQHC and CHC. Despite all this, if you have any question, feel free to ask in the comment box.


Q1. What makes FQHC diferent ?

Ans. What sets FQHC (Federally Qualified Health Centers)  apart from traditional clinics is their focus on the social determinants that affect health outcomes. In addition, FQHCs accept all patients regardless of their ability to pay. They also emphasize disease prevention and wellness by providing medical homes with complete person-oriented primary care services.

Q2. What are  5 Rules of FQHCs

Ans. 1.A FQHCs must comply with Section 330 of the Public Health Service Act.
2. Must follow Healthcare Center Program Regulations.
3. In addition, there are often various specific award conditions attached to the grant money received by FQHCs. Which is necessary to follow.
4. The fourth rule is that FQHCs must follow the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and must not discriminate against a certain class of people.
5. FQHCs are held to strict mission-based standards, which require them to prove they can meet the needs of their target populations, a critical part of the grant application, monitoring and renewal process.

Q3. What are FQHC services?

Ans. FQHCs provide medical, dental, behavioral health, chronic care management  to patients and those in need, and FQHCs also provide counseling services. However, there are different types of FQHCs, which provide different types of services.

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